This audit aimed to measure: the prevalence of indwelling urinary catheters in patients at the end of life; the use of nursing documentation relating to catheter insertion and care; and prevalence of continence screening on admission. The audit involved a retrospective examination of case notes of patients who died on two oncology wards and a hospice at a large teaching hospital in the south of England. The audit showed that 63% of patients had an indwelling catheter during their admission. Documentation relating to urinary catheter insertion and care was present in 75% of cases, and 75% of patients received continence screening on admission. The findings confirm that indwelling urinary catheters are frequently used as a tool to manage urinary difficulties at the end of life, but that the indications for insertion and continued use can be unclear. Research is needed to establish appropriate use.